A malteze, female 5 years old (Kiran) came with full body bruising complaint (bluish red) and bleeding inside both of her eyes. Earlier, during the day she was brought to the dog salon for bathing and shaving her hair. She still want to eat, no vomit, and no diarrhea but had impaired vision because of bleeding inside her eyes.
When she came to the clinic she got fever, capillaries bleeding almost of entire body, and bleeding in the anterior chamber both of her eyes. Symptomatic therapy was given immediately such as intravenous fluid, antibleeding and antibiotic injection. Blood test was performed to determine hematology and blood chemistry picture of the dog. It revealed that there was a decrease in platelet count and increase of liver enzymes. Kiran was diagnosed with blood parasite infection (ehrlichiosis).
Ricketsial ehrlichiosis is a disease that is mediated by the bite of tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). Ehrlichia canis and Ehrlichia platys are two organisms that play an important clinically. Ehrlichia canis causes ehrlichiosis in dogs. The incubation period is 1-3 weeks after biting by tick, after which the dog can experience three stages of infection. In acute stage, Ehrlichia will spread from the bite site to the spleen, liver, and lymphnodes (causing organomegaly). Infection in endothelial cells causes vasculitis resulting in thrombocytopenia, leucopenia (varies) and mild anemia (The Five Minute Veterinary Consult).
Kiran is getting better, and is currently still undergoing follow-up treatment. Infestation of ectoparasite (tick, flea, and lice) should not be underestimated because of inderectly it can harm your pet. We can help to control ectoparasite infestation by proper treatment and prevention.